Hajdú-Bihar Megyei Általános Iskola, Gimnázium és Kollégium

Dr. Kettesy Aladár Általános Iskola Intézményegység


Látássérültek Iskolája


The first 8-year elementary school for the visually handicapped in Hungary was opened in Debrecen in September 1972. Since 1989 the school bears Professor Kettesy's name, who was an outstanding ophthalmologist.

The curriculum of the school is basically identical with that of mainstream schools, so we can receive pupils from those schoools and case of improvement of sight they can return. The school can provide education for 120 pupils between the age of 6 and 18 whose visus ranges from 0,1 to 0,3. The maximal number of a group is 15. In the classroom we use adjustable desks and special lighting. Classroom materials are also modified and there are magnifying glasses, glasses with special lenses bigprint copybooks and teleprompters at the disposal of the children due to the continual development.

The staff comprises of 36 teachers (27 in 1972). The majority of those who teach holds special teacher's diploma, while one fourth of teachers at the boarding-school has it. In 1972 only 18% of the teachers had this qualification. The medical care is provided by an ophthalmologist helped by a nurse, an ophthalmic assistant and a part-time pediatrist.
In order to make our institution known amongst the parents different ways of publicity were utilised. Ophthalmic conferences have been held, as well as the possibilities of the media were made use of.

Since 1981 it is the itinerant teacher's responsibility to find the wouldbe pupils by making contact the specialists in thecatchement area that equals the 8 eastern counties of Hungary. Although the ambulant teacher's job is to support partially sighted children at schools, much of her work is done at kindergartens. After ophtalmic-psychological examination and consultation with the parents a decision is made whether the child can go to the local school or to the special one.

Beside the general education we offer, the disadvantages of the handicappedeness should also be compensated by creating new skills and behavourial patterns and by improving the existing ones. We lay great emphasis on basic language and mathematical abilities. Special classes are planned to counterbalance the backwarness, so are the speech therapy or gymnastics.

We are in contact with similar institutions abroad (Zeist, the Netherlands; Oradea, Timisoara, Romania)